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Wednesday, 8 January 2014

How Does Web Hosting Work?

Function

Running a website requires a web host provider. Websites are, in a sense, like pieces of virtual real estate. In order to set one up, you need a place, an address and a platform on which to build the site. Web hosting providers are like the real estate agents of the online environment.

, web space is rented, either on a yearly, quarterly or monthly basis. The server used is a powerful computer that runs on specialized high-speed connections. They also have a high degree of firewall protection in place. Subscriber packages include website storage on the host server, email services, domain registration and auto-responders. Some packages also offer shopping cart software and access to add-on software applications that can be run on your website.

Features

When deciding on a web host, there are a couple of options to choose from in terms of which operating platforms are available and what type of scripting language is used. Operating platforms come in two versions: Windows, and Linux. The Windows platform is designed to work on a Windows machine. Linux is designed specifically for web server applications. Scripting languages come in either PHP (hypertext preprocessor), Perl or ASP (active server pages). The type of operating platform you have will determine which scripting language is used. The Windows platform uses ASP, whereas Linux uses the Perl and PHP scripting languages. Several hosting companies provide both Windows and Linux platforms to their subscribers

Free web hosting is another option available on which to host your site. This is fine for personal use but not advisable if you want to set up a business. Limited bandwidth allotments, generic domain names and limited site access make it difficult when trying to customize a business presence on the web.

Types

Since there are so many websites online, a number of subscribers purchase virtual, or shared, hosting. This is where the host server's directory is shared between a number of subscribers. There is also the option of dedicated hosting offers, where a subscriber pays for the sole use of an individual web server. Usually large businesses running their own database and software applications operate off of a dedicated server. Virtual servers are fine for those running a small business or setting up a site for personal use.

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